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edible australia mushrooms fora best nutrition
Oyster mushrooms have thick, white, mild-tasting flesh that contains a variety of nutrients. They are particularly high in B vitamins, including niacin (B3) and riboflavin (B2), as well as the minerals potassium, copper, iron, and zinc
They also contain powerful anti-inflammatory plant compounds, including triterpenoids, glycoproteins, and lectins, which may offer some protection against chronic disease
For example, test-tube research shows that oyster mushrooms have properties that help fight prostate, colon, and breast cancer cells. However, human studies are lacking
Oyster mushrooms are excellent sautéed with onions and garlic as a side dish. You can also add them to soups, pastas, and meat dishes.
Oyster mushrooms can be found on dead or dying hardwood trees around the world. They have a mild taste and contain an abundance of nutrients.
3. Sulphur shelf mushroom
The sulphur shelf (Laetiporus sulphureus) mushroom is also known as chicken-of-the-woods or chicken mushroom. It’s a bright orange or yellow mushroom with a unique, meaty flavor.
Sulphur shelf mushrooms grow on hardwood trees in North America and Europe. They are widely distributed east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States.
These mushrooms can either act as parasites on living or dying trees, or derive nutrients from dead trees, such as rotting tree stumps.
Sulphur shelf mushrooms grow on trees in shelf-like clusters. They are commonly found on large oak trees and typically harvested during the summer and fall months.
It should be noted that sulphur shelf look-alike Laetiporus species exist. They grow on conifer trees should be avoided, as they can cause severe allergic reactions in some people.
Sulphur shelf mushrooms are typically orange or yellow in color and grow in overlapping shelf-like clusters on hardwoods, such as oak, willow, and chestnut.
The caps of the mushroom are fan-like or semicircular in shape and typically 2–12 inches (5–30 cm) across and up to 8 inches (20 cm) deep. The sulphur shelf does not have gills, and the underside of the caps is covered with tiny pores.
This mushroom has a smooth, suede-like texture and yellow-orange color, which fades to a dull white when the mushroom is past maturity.
Many sulphur shelf mushrooms may grow on a single tree, with individual mushrooms growing heavier than 50 pounds (23 kg) .
Like most mushrooms, sulphur shelf mushrooms are low in calories and offer a good amount of nutrients, including fiber, vitamin C, potassium, zinc, phosphorus, and magnesium .
Sulphur shelf mushrooms also contain plant compounds, including polysaccharides, eburicoic acid, and cinnamic acid. They have been shown to have antifungal, tumor-inhibiting, and antioxidant properties in test-tube and animal studies
Sulphur shelf mushrooms should be eaten cooked — not raw. You can bring out their meaty texture and hearty flavor by sautéing them with butter, adding them to vegetable dishes, or mixing them into omelets.
The brightly colored sulphur shelf mushroom grows on hardwood trees like oaks and has a meaty texture and pleasing flavor when cooked. Don’t confuse it with a look-alike species that grows on conifers.
Poisonous mushrooms to avoid
Though many wild mushrooms can be enjoyed safely, others pose a threat to your health.
Never consume the following mushrooms:
Death cap (Amanita phalloides). Death caps are among the most poisonous of all mushrooms and responsible for the majority of mushroom-related deaths worldwide. They grow in many countries around the world.
Conocybe filaris. This mushroom grows in Europe, Asia, and North America and contains the same toxins as the death cap. It has a smooth, cone-like cap that is brownish in color. They are highly toxic and can be fatal if ingested (23Trusted Source ).
Autumn skullcap (Galerina marginata). Also known as the “deadly Galerina,” autumn skullcaps are among the most poisonous of mushrooms. They have small, brown caps and grow on rotting wood (24Trusted Source ).
Death angel (Amanita ocreata). Related to the death cap, the death angel grows along the West Coast of the United States. This mushroom is mostly white and can cause severe illness and death if eaten (25).
False morels (Gyromitra esculenta and Gyromitra infula). These resemble edible true morels, making them especially dangerous. Unlike true morels, they are not completely hollow when cut (26Trusted Source ).
In addition to the mushrooms listed above, many more types of poisonous mushrooms exist.
If you are ever unsure whether a wild mushroom is edible, do not eat it. Some mushrooms can cause severe sickness and even death.
A popular saying among mushroom hunters is, “There are old mushroom hunters, and there are bold mushroom hunters. There are no old, bold mushroom hunters!”
There are many types of poisonous wild mushrooms that should be avoided. Never eat a mushroom that you aren’t completely sure is edible.
Edible mushroom tips and precautions
For your safety, it’s critical that you only hunt mushrooms if you are experienced in identifying edible varieties.
If you’re interested in mushroom hunting, sign up for a class taught by a mushroom expert to learn how to properly identify safe varieties. Classes are offered through colleges, universities, and mycology clubs, such as the North American Mycological Association.
It should be noted that it’s a bad idea to consume wild edible mushrooms that grow in urban settings, along busy highways, or in areas where pesticide exposure is likely. Fungi absorb pollutants like car exhaust and chemicals from the environment
When foraging for mushrooms, always bring along a mushroom hunting guide that includes edible mushrooms that grow in your area. It will help you properly identify safe varieties.
Always avoid picking edible mushrooms that are past their prime. Signs that a mushroom should not be picked include decaying flesh, insect infestation, or a rancid smell.
When you’re mushroom hunting, bring along either a basket, mesh bag, paper bag, or small backpack to store your haul, along with a small knife to harvest mushrooms.
Cleaning and storage
Advice regarding whether to clean wild mushrooms by running them under cool water and removing excess dirt with a soft brush varies.
Some experts insist that washing mushrooms prior to storage leads to quicker spoilage, while some foraging enthusiasts recommend cleaning mushrooms before refrigerating them.
Regardless of whether you clean your mushrooms before storing them, keep them in a container with good airflow, such as a paper bag. Do not store mushrooms in plastic bags or tightly sealed containers.
Fresh, wild mushrooms should last a few days in the refrigerator. They can also be frozen or dried, which can significantly increase their shelf life.
Only hunt mushrooms if you are properly trained in identifying edible varieties. Avoid mushrooms that grow in polluted environments or are past their prime. Fresh, wild mushrooms can be refrigerated, frozen, or dried.
The bottom line
Hen-of-the-woods, oyster, and sulphur shelf mushrooms are safe, delicious, and nutritious wild varieties prized by mushroom hunters.
While these and many other mushrooms are safe to consume, eating varieties like the death cap, false morels, and Conocybe filaris can cause serious adverse health effects and even death.
Foraging for wild mushrooms can be a fun and rewarding hobby. However, novice mushroom hunters should pair up with experts who are experienced in mushroom identification so they can learn how to identify and handle mushrooms properly.
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The magic of medicinal mushrooms
Does the thought of medicinal mushrooms scare you off? Take a deep breath and stay with us. Yes, we’re going to tell you to put mushrooms in your coffee (among other things). But there’s good reason for this, we swear.
Medicinal mushrooms have been used in Eastern medicine for thousands of years and have gained even more popularity as of late. Destined to be taken as powders (they’re never meant to be eaten raw or whole), you can find these fungi in all different forms, including ultra-trendy Los Angeles lattes. One of the easiest ways to get your mushroom fix, though? Simply add a spoonful to whatever’s on the menu — be it your morning smoothie, veggie stir-fry, or cup of java.
The list of health benefits medicinal mushrooms provide is lengthy (think: brain booster, hormone helper, antioxidant powerhouse). But each mushroom is unique and provides its own distinct health advantages.
Note that these shrooms aren’t a cure-all. In fact, shroom studies are still new to Western medicine, and solid evidence for humans still needs far more research. So think of them more like sidekicks for your immune system or mini-vaccines against stress, inflammation, and cancer. If you want to get in tune with the power of mushrooms, let’s get to know the top six and what makes them so great.
Take the edge off with reishi
Think of reishi as nature’s Xanax. This favored fungus is one of the most popular medicinal mushrooms, and for good reason. Reishi may be able do it all: aid in weight loss
What makes this mushroom unique, however, is its calming properties — all of which are thanks to the compound triterpene, which reishi has its fair share of. These mood-boosting compounds may alleviate anxiety, ease depression
, as seen in mice. But triterpenes’ positive effect on the nervous system doesn’t stop there. Reishi can promote healing
and sharpen focus, too.
Reishi can help with
Try it: Use a spoonful of reishi powder to make a hot, healing cup of tea, or add it to your favorite chocolate desserts. (Really, people swear by this combo.)
Bad case of brain fog? Try lion’s mane for some natural mental clarity. This feathery “pom-pom” mushroom is packed with antioxidants and strengthens the immune system like most medicinal mushrooms. But lion’s mane is rare in the fact that it fosters the production of the bioprotein nerve growth factor (NFG)
and myelin (an insulation around nerve fibers).
Both NFG and myelin
are absolutely crucial to brain health. An imbalance in them can contribute to neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s and multiple sclerosis. That makes lion’s mane some serious brain food! This miraculous mushroom has also been shown to improve cognition
, increase concentration, and alleviate anxiety and irritability.
Lion’s mane can help with
Chaga mushrooms are an antioxidant powerhouse, making them excellent contenders for fighting free radicals and inflammation. This dark black mushroom combats oxidative stress (which is linked to skin aging), may prevent or slow the growth of cancer, and has been found to lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL), the “bad” cholesterol. Most of the studies on chaga are done on human cells and mice, but the signs point to this shroom being good for you — inside and out.
Chaga can help with
Reach for heart-friendly shiitake
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If you’re already cooking with shiitake in your kitchen, keep it up. But this popular mushroom has benefits way beyond making that stir-fry extra tasty.
These mushrooms are particularly good for the heart. Shiitakes have been shown to lower LDL
, maintain healthy blood pressure and circulation.
Shiitake can help with
blood pressure and circulation
Sure, most of the medicinal mushrooms on our list exhibit anticancer properties due to their high amounts of antioxidants. But turkey tail takes it one step further.
Turkey tail contains a compound called polysaccharide-K (PSK) that stimulates the immune system. PSK is so effective that it’s an approved anticancer prescription drug in Japan. Turkey tail has been shown to improve the survival rate of people with certain cancers
, and improve the immune system of people receiving chemotherapy. (Of course, don’t stop your prescribed cancer treatment without consulting your doctor.)
Turkey tail can help with
Try it: Add a spoonful of turkey tail for an immune-boosting smoothie. Feeling adventurous? Try your hand at making some turkey tail ale!
Feeling low on energy or need a pre-workout boost?
Cordyceps is the fungus for you. This mushroom is known for being very stimulating — for both energy and the libido.
Cordyceps can help the body utilize oxygen more efficiently and enhance blood flow
. This can be especially helpful for athletes or those who regularly work out. This mushroom has been shown to not only improve exercise
and athletic performance, but also speed up post-workout muscle recovery.
Cordyceps may help with
Try it: Add a spoonful of Cordyceps to your favorite pre- or post-workout meal for a boost in energy or quicker recovery.
The fungi takeaway
Adding a spoonful of mushroom powder to your favorite recipes is a great way to reap their magical health benefits. It’s also best to keep the dosage just at that — a spoonful, or 1 to 2 tablespoons per day. Even if you do feel a boost in your health, it’s never a good idea to increase your intake, especially since these mushrooms are still waiting more trials to verify their benefits.
Always talk to your doctor beforehand to confirm if adding medicinal mushrooms to your diet is safe, especially if you’re using certain medications or are pregnant. And do a little research about the fungus that tickles your fancy before committing. Certain mushrooms can cause side effects like an upset stomach or allergies.
With all of these amazing medicinal mushrooms to choose from, which one are you most excited to try first?
Frequent Ask Questions On edible australia mushrooms
How many edible mushrooms are there in Australia?
IDENTIFICATION – Agaricusspp edible mushrooms 26 species in Australian forests and fields Most edible eg A. campestris –field mushroon A. avensis –horse mushroom A.subrutilescens –red bleeder IDENTIFICATION –Lepiotaspp edible mushrooms Lepiota rhacoides Lepiota procera
What are the different types of edible mushrooms?
18 Popular Types of Edible Mushrooms. 1 1. Cremini Mushrooms. Scientific name: Agaricus bisporus. 2 2. Morel Mushrooms. 3 3. Shiitake Mushrooms. 4 4. Oyster Mushrooms. 5 5. King Oyster Mushrooms. More items
Are there poisonous wild mushrooms?
There are many types of poisonous wild mushrooms that should be avoided. Never eat a mushroom that you aren’t completely sure is edible. For your safety, it’s critical that you only hunt mushrooms if you are experienced in identifying edible varieties.
What edible plants can you eat in Australia?
Some of the more popular and easily identifiable edible species in Australia include the Saffron Milk Cap, ( Lactarius deliciosus ), the Slippery Jack ( Suillus luteus and Suillus granulatus ), the Lawyer’s Wig ( Coprinus comatus) and the Wood Blewitt ( Lepista nuda ).
How can you tell if a mushroom is edible in Australia?
Look for mushrooms with gills that are brown or tan. While some mushrooms with white gills are edible, the most deadly and poisonous mushroom family—Amanitas—nearly always have white gills. Select mushrooms without red on the cap or stem. Choose mushrooms with white, tan or brown caps and stems.
Which Australian mushrooms are poisonous?
Poisonous mushrooms including Death Cap mushrooms (Amanita phalloides), Yellow-staining mushrooms (Agaricus xanthodermus), Ghost Fungus (Omphalotus nidiformis) and Poison Pie (Hebeloma crustulinoforme) have been found in Adelaide and the hills growing in public parks, botanic gardens, nature strips, school ovals, …
Can you eat garden mushrooms Australia?
“We strongly advise against foraging for mushrooms and encourage people to only eat store bought mushrooms,” Genevieve Adamo from the NSW Poisons Information Centre said on Wednesday. Mushrooms found in the wild or in the backyard are not safe to eat.
Can you tell if a mushroom is poisonous by taste?
Your field guide will have notes about taste – “mild, acrid, distinctly bitter, disagreeable”. Poisonous mushrooms often taste acrid – and they burn the end of your tongue.
Can you eat mushrooms from your lawn Australia?
They are part of the growing environment and an integral part of the natural ecosystem. However, while they won’t damage your grass, many varieties of mushrooms and toadstools that grow in your lawn are poisonous. Even if they’re not the poisonous type, humans and animals shouldn’t eat th